Oceans and CO2, from past to present to future


This course will cover key aspects of ocean chemistry associated with the biogeochemical functioning of the planet and global changes of today and the past, with insight on the carbon cycle and its anthropogenic perturbation. We will do so by learning what kind of information can be extracted from paleoclimate archives (deep sea sediments, corals, ice..), and by focusing on specific problems such as the progressive acidification of the oceans due to the marine absorption of atmospheric CO2. It is intended that students learn to interpret, to critically read and draw new hypothesis of the scientific literature.

Programme information: 

Day 1: The climate system: Natural archives of past environmental conditions
Day 2: Orbital forcing: Glacial – Interglacial variability; Abrupt changes and the thermohaline circulation.
Day 3: The marine carbon cycle in the past
Day 4: Ocean acidification; Modern trends of global change, the IPCC effort.
Day 5: Practical sessions: Discussion of recent scientific papers, practical exercises, internet resources, software

Number of hours: 





10:00-14:00 h, Monday to Thursday


Institut de Ciències del Mar

Maximum number of places: 


Special requirements: 

Background on experimental sciences.
Access to a computer for homework.

Contact for further information: 

For additional information, please contact the program coordinator at

Price: 255.00€

Cancelation policies

Cancellations by attendants

To cancel a place that you have booked for a Barcelona Ocean course, a notice of cancellation must be sent via email to The following policies apply:
• If you cancel at least 3 months before the start of the course you will receive a full refund.
• If you cancel between 3 months and 1 month prior to the start of the course you will receive a full refund minus a 10% administration fee.
• If you cancel between 1 month and 10 working days prior to the start of the course you will receive a 50% refund.
• If you cancel less than 10 working days before the event you will not be entitled to a refund.
There will be no refund for non-attendance to the course.

Cancellations by Barcelona Ocean

Barcelona Ocean courses are constantly updated and, while we endeavour to deliver the courses as advertised, there may inevitably be occasions when we will have to change some of the course contents or one or more of the lecturers without prior notice or, in very exceptional circumstances, to cancel an event.
In the case of a complete course cancellation, attendants will either be offered an alternative date, a credit note or a full refund. Barcelona Ocean will not compensate for travel fees or any other expense incurred by you as a result of such cancellation. Every effort will be made to avoid the cancellation of any planned courses.

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